Royal Mail Winston Churchill 1965
1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1965th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 965th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1960s decade.
January 20: Lyndon B. Johnson begins full term as President of the United States
January 1 – Canadian ship SS Catala is driven onto the beach in Ocean Shores, Washington, stranding her.
January 4 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaims his "Great Society" during his State of the Union address.
January 9 – The Mirzapur Cadet College formally opens for academic activities in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
January 14 – The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and the Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland meet for the first time in 43 years.
January 19 – The unmanned Gemini 2 is launched on a suborbital test of various spacecraft systems.
Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in for a full term as President of the United States.
Indonesian President Sukarno announces the withdrawal of the Indonesian government from the United Nations.
January 26 – Anti-Hindi agitations break out in India, because of which Hindi does not get "National Language" status and remains one of the 23 official languages of India.
January 30 – The state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill takes place in London with the largest assembly of statesmen in the world until the 2005 funeral of Pope John Paul II.
Main article: February 1965
February 4 – Trofim Lysenko is removed from his post as director of the Institute of Genetics at the Academy of Sciences in the Soviet Union. Lysenkoist theories are now treated as pseudoscience.
February 6 – English footballer Sir Stanley Matthews plays his final First Division game, at the record age of 50 years and 5 days.
The African and Malagasy Common Organization (Organization Commune Africaine et Malgache; OCAM) is formed as successor to the Afro-Malagasy Union for Economic Cooperation (Union Africaine et Malgache de Cooperation Economique; UAMCE), formerly the African and Malagasy Union (Union Africaine et Malgache; UAM).
Malcolm X visits Smethwick following the racially charged 1964 general election.
February 15 – A new red and white maple leaf design is inaugurated as the flag of Canada, replacing the Union Flag and the Canadian Red Ensign.
February 18 – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
Ranger 8 crashes into the Moon, after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program astronauts.
Suat Hayri Ürgüplü forms the new (interim) government of Turkey (29th government).
February 21 – African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City.
February 22 – A new, revised, color production of Rodgers and Hammerstein’s Cinderella airs on CBS. Lesley Ann Warren makes her TV debut in the title role. The show becomes an annual tradition.
The newly adopted Flag of Canada
Flag of the newly independent Gambia
February 23 – Herberts Cukurs, a Latvian aviator, flying instructor, mass murderer and former Nazi collaborator is unofficially executed by Mossad.
Main article: March 1965
Vietnam War: Operation Rolling Thunder – The United States Air Force 2nd Air Division, United States Navy and South Vietnamese air force begin a 3½-year aerial bombardment campaign against North Vietnam.
The film of The Sound of Music premieres at the Rivoli Theater in New York City.
March 7 – Bloody Sunday: Some 200 Alabama State Troopers attack 525 civil rights demonstrators in Selma, Alabama, as they attempt to march to the state capitol of Montgomery.
March 8 – Vietnam War: Some 3,500 United States Marines arrive in Da Nang, South Vietnam, becoming the first American ground combat troops in Vietnam.
March 9 – The second attempt to march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., stops at the bridge that was the site of Bloody Sunday, to hold a prayer service and return to Selma, in obedience to a court restraining order. White supremacists beat white Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb later that day in Selma.
An engagement is announced between Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven, who will become the first commoner and the first Dutchman to marry into the Dutch Royal Family.
Goldie, a London Zoo golden eagle, is recaptured 12 days after her escape.
March 11 – White Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb, beaten by White supremacists in Selma, Alabama, on March 9 following the second march from Selma, dies in a hospital in Birmingham, Alabama.
March 15 – President Lyndon B. Johnson makes his "We Shall Overcome" speech.
March 16 – Police clash with 600 SNCC marchers in Montgomery, Alabama.
In Montgomery, Alabama, 1,600 civil rights marchers demonstrate at the Courthouse.
In response to the events of March 7 and 9 in Selma, Alabama, President Lyndon B. Johnson sends a bill to Congress that forms the basis for the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It is passed by the Senate May 26, the House July 10, and signed into law by President Johnson August 6.
Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov leaves his Voskhod 2 spacecraft for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
A United States federal judge rules that SCLC has the lawful right to march to Montgomery, Alabama, to petition for ‘redress of grievances’.
March 19 – The wreck of the SS Georgiana is discovered off the Isle of Palms, South Carolina, by teenage diver E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after she was sunk.
"Poupée de cire, poupée de son", sung by France Gall (music and lyrics by Serge Gainsbourg) wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1965 for Luxembourg.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 begins.
Ranger program: NASA launches Ranger 9, which is the last in a series of unmanned lunar space probes.
Martin Luther King, Jr. and others lead 3,200 civil rights activists in the third march from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery.
March 22 – Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes the first secretary of the Romanian Communist Party, after the sudden death of previous leader Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej on March 19 that year.
Events of March 23, 1965: Large student demonstration in Morocco, joined by discontented masses, meets with violent police and military repression.
Gemini 3: NASA launches the United States’ first 2-person crew (Gus Grissom, John Young) into Earth orbit.
The first issue of The Vigilant is published from Khartoum.
March 25 – Martin Luther King, Jr. and 25,000 civil rights activists successfully end the 4-day march from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery.
Funeral services are held for Detroit homemaker Viola Liuzzo, who was shot dead by 4 Klansmen as she drove marchers back to Selma at night after the civil rights march.
The second ODECA charter, signed on December 12, 1962, becomes effective.
Main article: April 1965
April 3 – The world’s first space nuclear power reactor, SNAP-10A, is launched by the United States from Vandenberg AFB, California. The reactor operates for 43 days and remains in low Earth orbit.
April 5 – At the 37th Academy Awards, My Fair Lady wins 8 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Rex Harrison wins an Oscar for Best Actor. Mary Poppins takes home 5 Oscars. Julie Andrews wins an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the title role. Sherman Brothers receives 2 Oscars including Best Song, "Chim Chim Cher-ee".
The Intelsat I ("Early Bird") communications satellite is launched. It becomes operational May 2 and is placed in commercial service in June.
The British Government announces the cancellation of the TSR-2 aircraft project.
The West German parliament extends the statute of limitations on Nazi war crimes.
In Houston, the Harris County Domed Stadium (more commonly known as the Astrodome) opens.
Charlie Brown and the Peanuts Gang appear on the cover of Time.
April 11 – The 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak: An estimated 51 tornadoes (47 confirmed) hit in 6 Midwestern states, killing between 256 and 271 people and injuring some 1,500 more.
April 14 – In Cold Blood killers Richard Hickock and Perry Smith, convicted of murdering 4 members of the Herbert Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas, are executed by hanging at the Kansas State Penitentiary for Men in Lansing, Kansas.
April 17 – The first Students for a Democratic Society march against the Vietnam War draws 25,000 protestors to Washington, D.C.
April 18 – Consecration of Saint Clement of Ohrid Macedonian Orthodox Cathedral in Toronto, Canada.
April 21 – The New York World’s Fair in Flushing Meadows, New York, reopens.
April 23 – The Pennine Way officially opens.
The 1965 Yerevan demonstrations start in Yerevan, demanding recognition of the Armenian Genocide.
The bodies of Portuguese opposition politician Humberto Delgado and his secretary Arajaryr Moreira de Campos are found in a forest near Villanueva del Fresno, Spain (they were killed February 12).
In the Dominican Republic, officers and civilians loyal to deposed President Juan Bosch mutiny against the right-wing junta running the country, setting up a provisional government. Forces loyal to the deposed military-imposed government stage a countercoup the next day, and civil war breaks out, although the new government retains its hold on power.
April 25 – Teenage sniper Michael Clark kills 3 and wounds others shooting at cars from a hilltop along Highway 101 just south of Orcutt, California. Sixteen-year-old Clark kills himself as police rush the hilltop.
April 26 – Rede Globo, the 3rd largest TV broadcaster of the world, is founded, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
U.S. troops occupy the Dominican Republic.
Vietnam War: Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies announces that the country will substantially increase its number of troops in South Vietnam, supposedly at the request of the Saigon government (it is later revealed that Menzies had asked the leadership in Saigon to send the request at the behest of the Americans).
April 29 – Australia announces that it is sending an infantry battalion to support the South Vietnam government.
Main article: May 1965
Bob Askin replaces Jack Renshaw as Premier of New South Wales.
The Battle of Dong-Yin occurs as a conflict between Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China.
Liverpool wins the FA Cup Final, beating Leeds Utd 2–1.
May 5 – Forty men burn their draft cards at the University of California, Berkeley, and a coffin is marched to the Berkeley Draft Board.
May 6 – A tornado outbreak near the Twin Cities in Minnesota kills 13 and injures 683.
May 7 – The U.S. Steel freighter SS Cedarville collides with the SS Topdalsfjord and sinks near the Mackinac Bridge, killing 25. 10 are rescued from the Cedarville, the 3rd largest lake ship to sink after its sister the SS Carl D. Bradley, and the SS Edmund Fitzgerald.
May 9 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz returns to the stage after a 12-year absence, performing a legendary concert in Carnegie Hall in New York.
West Germany and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
The Italian liner SS Michelangelo enters service.
May 13 – A West German court of appeals condemns the behavior of ex-defense minister Franz Josef Strauss during the Spiegel scandal.
May 21 – The largest antiwar teach-in to date begins at Berkeley, California, attended by 30,000.
Several hundred Vietnam War protesters in Berkeley, California, march to the Draft Board again to burn 19 more cards. Lyndon Johnson is hung in effigy.
The first skateboarding championship is held.
May 25 – Muhammad Ali knocks out Sonny Liston in the first round of their championship rematch with the "Phantom Punch" at the Central Maine Civic Center in Lewiston.
May 27 – Internazionale beats Benfica 1-0 at the San Siro, Milan and wins the 1964-65 European Cup (football).
May 29 – A mining accident in Dhanbad, India kills 274.
May 31 – Racing driver Jim Clark wins the Indianapolis 500, and later wins the Formula One world driving championship in the same year.
Main article: June 1965
Green Library at Florida International University in Miami, Florida
Florida International University is founded in Miami.
A coal mine explosion in Fukuoka, Japan, kills 237.
June 2 – Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam.
June 3 – Gemini 4: Astronaut Ed White makes the first U.S. space walk.
June 6 – The single "(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction" by The Rolling Stones is released. It becomes the band’s first number one in the United States and is often thought to be one of the greatest rock ‘n’ roll songs of all time.
June 7 – Kakanj mine disaster: A mining accident in Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina, results in 128 deaths.
June 10 – Vietnam War – Battle of Dong Xoai: About 1,500 Viet Cong mount a mortar attack on Đồng Xoài, overrunning its military headquarters and the adjoining militia compound.
June 16 – A planned anti-Vietnam War protest at The Pentagon becomes a teach-in, with demonstrators distributing 50,000 leaflets in and around the building.
June 19 – Houari Boumediene’s Revolutionary Council ousts Ahmed Ben Bella, in a bloodless coup in Algeria.
June 20 – Police in Algiers break up demonstrations by people who have taken to the streets chanting slogans in support of deposed President Ahmed Ben Bella.
June 22 – The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea is signed in Tokyo.
June 25 – A U.S. Air Force Boeing C-135 Stratolifter bound for Okinawa crashes just after takeoff at MCAS El Toro in Orange County, California, killing all 85 on board.
June 26 – Ian Chesterton and Barbara Wright return to "London 1965!" On the planet Earth in the Dalek Time Machine following The Daleks’ defeat. (Doctor Who: "The Chase")
June 28 – The DeFeo family moves from Brooklyn, New York, to 112 Ocean Avenue in Amityville, Long Island, New York, in the United States. The murder of all but one of the DeFeos nine years later, on November 13, 1974, by the oldest son, Ronald/Ronnie "Butch" DeFeo Jr., and the subsequent claims of a haunting at 112 Ocean Avenue by the Lutz family, would lead to The Amityville Horror franchise of books and movies.
Main article: July 1965
July – The Commonwealth secretariat is created.
July 14 – U.S. spacecraft Mariner 4 flies by Mars, becoming the first spacecraft to return images from the Red Planet.
July 15 – Greek Prime minister Georgios Papandreou and his government are dismissed by King Constantine II.
July 16 – The Mont Blanc Tunnel is inaugurated by presidents Giuseppe Saragat and Charles de Gaulle.
July 24 – Vietnam War: Four F-4C Phantoms escorting a bombing raid at Kang Chi are targeted by antiaircraft missiles, in the first such attack against American planes in the war. One is shot down and the other 3 sustain damage.
July 25 – Electric Dylan controversy: Bob Dylan elicits controversy among folk purists by "going electric" at the Newport Folk Festival.
July 26 – The Maldives receive full independence from Great Britain.
July 27 – Edward Heath becomes Leader of the British Conservative Party.
July 28 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000, and to more than double the number of men drafted per month – from 17,000 to 35,000.
July 29 – Premiere of Help!, second movie of The Beatles.
July 30 – War on Poverty: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
Main article: August 1965
August 1 – Cigarette advertising is banned on British television.
August 6 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law, outlawing literacy tests and other discriminatory voting practices that have been responsible for widespread disfranchisement of African Americans.
August 7 – Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prime Minister of Malaysia, recommends the expulsion of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia, negotiating its separation with Lee Kuan Yew, Prime Minister of Singapore.
Singapore is expelled from the Federation of Malaysia, which recognises it as a sovereign nation. Lee Kuan Yew announces Singapore’s independence and assumes the position of Prime Minister of the new island nation – a position he holds until 1990.
An explosion at an Arkansas missile plant kills 53.
Indonesian president Sukarno collapses in public.
August 11 – The Watts Riots begin in Los Angeles, ending on the 16th after resulting in 34 deaths and over 3,000 arrests.
August 13 – The rock group Jefferson Airplane debuts at the Matrix in San Francisco and begins to appear there regularly.
August 15 – The Beatles perform the first stadium concert in the history of music, playing before 55,600 persons at Shea Stadium in New York City.
August 18 – Vietnam War – Operation Starlite: 5,500 United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in Quảng Ngãi Province, in the first major American ground battle of the war. The Marines were tipped-off by a Viet Cong deserter who said that there was an attack planned against the U.S. base at Chu Lai.
August 19 – At the conclusion of the Frankfurt Auschwitz trials, 66 ex-SS personnel receive life sentences, 15 others smaller ones.
August 20 – Jonathan Myrick Daniels, an Episcopal seminarian from Keene, New Hampshire, is murdered in Hayneville, Alabama, while working in the civil rights movement.
August 21 – Gemini 5 (Gordon Cooper, Pete Conrad) is launched on the first 1-week flight, as well as the first test of fuel cells for electrical power.
Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball.
Rock musician Bob Dylan releases his influential album Highway 61 Revisited, featuring the song "Like a Rolling Stone".
An avalanche buries a dam construction site at Saas-Fee, Switzerland, killing 90 workers.
August 31 – President Johnson signs a law penalizing the burning of draft cards with up to 5 years in prison and a $1,000 fine.
Main article: September 1965
September 2 – Pakistani troops enter the Indian sector of Kashmir, while Indian troops try to invade Lahore.
September 6 – The Islamic Republic of Pakistan observes its Defence Day, on account of successful defence of Lahore and other important areas against India.
Pakistan celebrates Air Force Day on account of heavy retaliations to India.
The People’s Republic of China announces that it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border.
Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August’s Operation Starlite, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula, 23 miles (37 km) south of the Chu Lai Marine base.
India opens 2 additional fronts against Pakistan.
The Pakistan Navy raids Indian coasts without any resistance in Operation Dwarka (Pakistan celebrates Victory Day annually).
Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitches a perfect game in a baseball match against the Chicago Cubs. The opposing pitcher, Bob Hendley, allows only 1 run, which is unearned, and only one hit, making this the lowest-hit game (1) in baseball history. It is Koufax’s fourth no-hitter in as many seasons.
U.N. Secretary General U Thant negotiates with Pakistan President Ayub Khan.
U Thant recommends China for United Nations membership.
Hurricane Betsy roars ashore near New Orleans with winds of 145 mph (233 km/h), causing 76 deaths and $1.42 billion in damage. The storm is the first hurricane to cause $1 billion in unadjusted damages, giving it the nickname "Billion Dollar Betsy". It is the last major hurricane to strike New Orleans until Hurricane Katrina 40 years later.
The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
The fourth and final period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
The infamous "bad sitcom" My Mother The Car premieres on NBC.
China protests against Indian provocations in its border region.
In Iraq, Prime Minister Arif Abd ar-Razzaq’s attempted coup fails.
September 17 – King Constantine II of Greece forms a new government with Prime Minister Stephanos Stephanopoulos, in an attempt to end a 2-year-old political crisis.
In Denmark, Palle Sørensen shoots 4 policemen in pursuit; he is apprehended the same day.
Comet Ikeya–Seki is first sighted by Japanese astronomers.
Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin invites the leaders of India and Pakistan to meet in the Soviet Union to negotiate.
September 20 – Vietnam War: An USAF F-104 Starfighter piloted by Captain Philip Eldon Smith is shot down by a Chinese MiG-19 Farmer. The pilot is held until March 15 1973.
September 21 – Gambia, Maldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.
September 22 – Radio Peking announces that Indian troops have dismantled their equipment on the Chinese side of the border.
Fighting resumes between Indian and Pakistani troops.
The British governor of Aden cancels the constitution and takes direct control of the protectorate, due to the bad security situation.
September 25 – The Tom & Jerry cartoon series makes its world broadcast premiere on CBS.
September 27 – The largest tanker ship at this time, Tokyo Maru, is launched in Yokohama, Japan.
Fidel Castro announces that anyone who wants to can emigrate to the United States.
Taal Volcano in Luzon, Philippines, erupts, killing hundreds.
The Indonesian army, led by General Suharto, crushes an alleged communist coup attempt (see Transition to the New Order and 30 September Movement).
The classic family sci-fi show Thunderbirds debuts on ITV in the United Kingdom.
Main article: October 1965
Fidel Castro announces that Che Guevara has resigned and left the country.
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 which ends quotas based on national origin.
At least 150 are killed when a commuter train derails at the outskirts of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Prime minister Ian Smith of Rhodesia and Arthur Bottomley of the Commonwealth of Nations begin negotiations in London.
Pope Paul VI visits the United States. He appears for a Mass in Yankee Stadium and makes a speech at the United Nations.
The University of California, Irvine opens its doors.
October 5 – Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with Malaysia because of their disagreement in the UN.
October 6 – Ian Brady, a 27-year-old stock clerk from Hyde in Cheshire, is arrested for allegedly hacking to death (with a hatchet) 17-year-old apprentice electrician Edward Evans at a house on the Hattersley housing estate.
October 7 – Seven Japanese fishing boats are sunk off Guam by super typhoon Carmen; 209 are killed.
Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966: The Indonesian army instigates the arrest and execution of communists which last until next March.
The 7 Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent are adopted at the XX International Conference in Vienna, Austria.
The International Olympic Committee admits East Germany as a member.
The Post Office Tower opens in London.
Yale University presents the Vinland map.
A brigade of South Korean soldiers arrive in South Vietnam.
October 10 – The first group of Cuban refugees travels to the U.S.
Per Borten forms a government in Norway.
The U.N. General Council recommends that the United Kingdom try everything to stop a rebellion in Rhodesia.
October 13 – Congo President Joseph Kasavubu fires Prime Minister Moise Tshombe and forms a provisional government, with Évariste Kimba in a leading position.
October 15 – Vietnam War: The Catholic Worker Movement stages an anti-war protest in Manhattan. One draft card burner is arrested, the first under the new law.
Moors murders: Police find a girl’s body on Saddleworth Moor near Oldham in Lancashire. The body is quickly identified as that of 10-year-old Lesley Ann Downey, who disappeared on Boxing Day the previous year from a fairground in the Ancoats area of Manchester. Ian Brady, arrested for the murder of a 17-year-old man in nearby Hattersley, is charged with murdering Lesley, as is his 23-year-old girlfriend Myra Hindley.
Anti-war protests draw 100,000 in 80 U.S. cities and around the world.
October 17 – The New York World’s Fair at Flushing Meadows, closes. Due to financial losses, some of the projected site park improvements fail to materialize.
October 18 – The Indonesian government outlaws the Communist Party of Indonesia.
October 20 – Ludwig Erhard is re-elected Chancellor of West Germany (he had first been elected in 1963).
Comet Ikeya–Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers from the sun.
The Organization of African Unity meets in Accra, Ghana.
French authors André Figueras and Jacques Laurent are fined for their comments against Charles de Gaulle.
African countries demand that the United Kingdom use force to prevent Rhodesia from declaring unilateral independence.
Colonel Christophe Soglo stages a second coup in Dahomey.
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson and Commonwealth Secretary Arthur Bottomley travel to Rhodesia for negotiations.
British police find the decomposed body of a boy on Saddleworth Moor.
October 25 – The Soviet Union declares its support of African countries in case Rhodesia unilaterally declares independence.
October 26 – Anti-government demonstrations occur in the Dominican Republic.
Brazilian president Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco removes power from parliament, legal courts and opposition parties.
Süleyman Demirel of AP forms the new government of Turkey (30th government).
The Gateway Arch
French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Murville travels to Moscow.
Pope Paul VI promulgates Nostra aetate, a "Declaration on the Relation of the (Roman Catholic) Church with Non-Christian Religions" by the Second Vatican Council which includes a statement that Jews are not collectively responsible for the death of Jesus (Jewish deicide).
In St. Louis, Missouri, the 630-foot (190 m)-tall inverted weighted catenary steel Gateway Arch is completed.
Mehdi Ben Barka, a Moroccan politician, is kidnapped in Paris and never seen again.
Moors murders: Ian Brady and Myra Hindley appear in court, charged with the murders of Edward Evans (17), Lesley Ann Downey (10), and John Kilbride (12) from Manchester.
An 80-kiloton nuclear device is detonated at Amchitka Island, Alaska, as part of the Vela Uniform program, code-named Project Long Shot.
Vietnam War: Near Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. A sketch of Marine positions is found on the dead body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.
In Washington, D.C., a pro-Vietnam War march draws 25,000.
English model Jean Shrimpton wears a controversially short white shift dress to the Victoria Derby at Flemington Racecourse in Melbourne, Australia – a pivotal moment of the introduction of the miniskirt to women’s fashion.
Main article: November 1965
November 1 – A trolleybus plunges into the Nile at Cairo, killing 74 passengers.
Republican John Vliet Lindsay is elected mayor of New York City.
Quaker Norman Morrison, 32, sets himself on fire in front of The Pentagon; he dies of his injuries.
November 3 – French President Charles de Gaulle announces (just short of his 75th birthday) that he will stand for re-election.
November 5 – Martial law is announced in Rhodesia. The United Nations General Assembly accepts British intent to use force against Rhodesia if necessary by a vote of 82–9.
November 6 – Freedom Flights begin: Cuba and the United States formally agree to start an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States (by 1971 250,000 Cubans take advantage of this program).
November 7 – The Pillsbury Company’s mascot, the Pillsbury Doughboy, is created in the United States.
Vietnam War – Operation Hump: The United States Army 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong.
The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches islands (on June 23, 1976 Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches are returned to the Seychelles).
The Murder (Abolition of Death Penalty) Act 1965 is given Royal Assent, suspending the death penalty for murder in the United Kingdom; renewal of the Act in 1969 makes the abolition permanent.
The soap opera Days of Our Lives debuts on NBC in the United States.
Northeast blackout of 1965: Several U.S. states (VT, NH, MA, CT, RI, NY and portions of NJ) and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13½ hours.
Vietnam War: In New York City, 22-year-old Catholic Worker Movement member Roger Allen LaPorte sets himself on fire in front of the United Nations building in protest against the war.
In Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe), the white-minority government of Ian Smith unilaterally declares de facto independence (‘UDI’).
United Airlines Flight 227 a Boeing 727-22, crashes short of the runway and catches fire at Salt Lake City International Airport in Salt Lake City; 43 out of 91 passengers and crew perish.
November 12 – A UN Security Council resolution (voted 10–0) recommends that other countries not recognize independent Rhodesia.
The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles (97 km) off Nassau, Bahamas, with the loss of 90 lives.
British theatre critic Kenneth Tynan says "fuck" during a discussion on BBC satirical programme BBC-3 for what many believed was the first time on British television. The corporation later issues a public apology.
November 14 – Vietnam War – Battle of Ia Drang: In the Ia Drang Valley of the Central Highlands in Vietnam, the first major engagement of the war between regular United States and North Vietnamese forces begins.
November 15 – U.S. racer Craig Breedlove sets a new land speed record of 600.601 mph (966.574 km/h).
November 16 – Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe from Baikonur, Kazakhstan toward Venus (on March 1, 1966, it becomes the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet).
November 20 – The United Nations Security Council recommends that all states stop trading with Rhodesia.
November 21 – Mireille Mathieu sings on France’s "Télé-Dimanche" and begins her successful singing career.
Man of La Mancha opens in a Greenwich Village theatre in New York City and eventually becomes one of the longest-running and most iconic Broadway musical hits of all time.
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
November 23 – Soviet general Mikhail Kazakov assumes command of the Warsaw Pact.
November 24 – Congolese lieutenant general Mobutu ousts Joseph Kasavubu and declares himself president.
November 26 – At the Hammaguir launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant A rocket with its first satellite, Astérix-1 on board, becoming the third country to enter outer space.
Tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters picket the White House, then march on the Washington Monument.
Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned major sweep operations to neutralize Viet Cong forces during the next year are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam will have to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.
November 28 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
November 29 – The Canadian satellite Alouette 2 is launched.
Main article: December 1965
December 8: End of the 2nd Vatican Council
December 30: Ferdinand Marcos is the 10th President of the Philippines
December 1 – The Border Security Force is established in India as a special force to guard the borders.
The first British aid flight arrives in Lusaka; Zambia had asked for British help against Rhodesia.
Members of the Organization of African Unity decide to sever diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, unless the British Government ends the rebellion of Rhodesia by mid-December.
The Beatles release their sixth album Rubber Soul.
The first album by The Who, My Generation, is released in the United Kingdom. An edited version was released in the United States under the title The Who Sings My Generation on April 25, 1966.
Charles de Gaulle is re-elected as French president with 10,828,421 votes.
The "Glasnost Meeting" in Moscow becomes the first spontaneous political demonstration, and the first demonstration for civil rights in the Soviet Union.
Rhodesian prime minister Ian Smith warns that Rhodesia will resist a trade embargo by neighboring countries with force.
The Race Relations Act becomes the first legislation to address racial discrimination in the UK.
The Second Vatican Council closes.
December 9 – A Charlie Brown Christmas, the first Peanuts television special, debuts on CBS, quickly becoming an annual tradition.
The Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA) is formed.
Tanzania and Guinea sever diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom.
Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 perform the first controlled rendezvous in Earth orbit.
December 17 – The British government begins an oil embargo against Rhodesia; the United States joins the effort.
December 20 – The World Food Programme is made a permanent agency of the United Nations.
The Soviet Union announces that it has shipped rockets to North Vietnam.
In West Germany, Konrad Adenauer resigns as chairman of the Christian Democratic Party.
The United Nations adopts the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
A new 1-hour German-American production of the ballet The Nutcracker, with an international cast that includes Edward Villella in the title role, makes its U.S. television debut. It is repeated annually by CBS over the next 3 years but after that is virtually forgotten until issued on DVD in 2009 by Warner Archive.
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination is adopted.
A military coup is launched in Dahomey.
A 70 mph (110 km/h) speed limit is imposed on British roads.
David Lean’s film of Doctor Zhivago, starring Omar Sharif and Julie Christie, is released.
December 25 – The Yemeni Nasserist Unionist People’s Organisation is founded in Ta’izz.
December 27 – The British oil platform Sea Gem collapses in the North Sea.
December 28 – Italian Foreign Minister Amintore Fanfani resigns.
President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia announces that Zambia and the United Kingdom have agreed on a deadline before which the Rhodesian white government should be ousted.
Ferdinand Marcos becomes President of the Philippines.
December 31 – Bokassa takes power in the Central African Republic.
Dallas in 1965
Tokyo officially becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from New York City.
The Council for National Academic Awards is established in the UK.
TAT-4 cable goes into operation.
Aborigines are given the vote in Queensland, Australia.
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Two-point-equidistant-asia.jpg Asia1,899,424,0001,701,336,000Green Arrow Up.svg 198,088,0002,143,118,000Green Arrow Up.svg 243,694,000
Europe satellite orthographic.jpg Europe634,026,000604,401,000Green Arrow Up.svg 29,625,000655,855,000Green Arrow Up.svg 21,829,000
Latin America terrain.jpg Latin America250,452,000218,300,000Green Arrow Up.svg 32,152,000284,856,000Green Arrow Up.svg 34,404,000
LocationWHNorthernAmerica.png Northern America219,570,000204,152,000Green Arrow Up.svg 15,418,000231,937,000Green Arrow Up.svg 12,367,000
Oceania (World-Factbook).jpg Oceania17,657,00015,888,000Green Arrow Up.svg 1,769,00019,443,000Green Arrow Up.svg 1,786,000
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
Sophie, Countess of Wessex
January 1 – Terri Sewell, African-American lawyer and politician
Beth Gibbons, English singer, lead singer of the band Portishead
Julia Ormond, British actress
Aditya Pancholi, Indian actor
Vinnie Jones, British footballer-turned-actor
Patrik Sjöberg, Swedish high jumper
January 6 – Konnan, Cuban-born professional wrestler
Haddaway, German singer
Farah Khan, Indian choreographer, film director
Joely Richardson, British actress
January 10 – Butch Hartman, American animator and voice actor
Nikolai Borschevsky, Russian professional ice hockey player (retired)
Maybrit Illner, German television journalist and presenter
Rob Zombie, American musician
January 13 – Rod Rosenstein, American officeholder (Deputy Attorney General) and lawyer
Shamil Basayev, Chechen terrorist (d. 2006)
Marc Delissen, Dutch field hockey player
Bob Essensa, Canadian ice hockey player
Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, British chef
Zak Spears, American gay pornographic film actor
James Nesbitt, Northern Irish actor
Jill Saward, English rape victim and activist (d. 2017)
Adam Jones, American musician, guitarist of metal band Tool
Dave Attell, American comedian
Paudge Behan, Irish actor
January 19 – J. B. Pritzker, American businessman, philanthropist and politician
January 20 – Sophie, Countess of Wessex, wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Robert Del Naja, British artist and musician
Jam Master Jay, American DJ, rapper and producer (d. 2002)
DJ Jazzy Jeff, African-American rapper and actor
Diane Lane, American actress
January 24 – Mike Awesome, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
Esa Tikkanen, Finnish ice hockey player
Mark Jordon, English actor
Kevin McCarthy, American politician, House Minority Leader
Natalia Yurchenko, Soviet artistic gymnast
Tim Chambers, American college baseball coach (d. 2019)
Alan Cumming, Scottish actor
Ignacio Noé, Argentine artist
Anton Gubankov, Russian journalist and civil servant (d. 2016)
Dominik Hašek, Czech hockey player
Dave Callaghan, South African cricketer
Brandon Lee, Chinese-American actor (d. 1993)
Sherilyn Fenn, American actress
Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
Mattanya Cohen, Israeli diplomat
Maura Tierney, American actress
Jerome Brown, American football player (d. 1992)
Julianne Buescher, American actress and voice actor
February 5 – Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian footballer
February 7 – Chris Rock, African-American actor, comedian, and film director
February 8 – Dicky Cheung, Hong Kong actor
February 9 – Keith Wickham, English voice actor
February 11 – Stephen Gregory, American actor
February 12 – Brett Kavanaugh, American attorney and Supreme Court Justice
February 13 – Andy Buckley, American actor
February 15 – Héctor Beltrán Leyva, Mexican drug lord (d. 2018)
February 16 – Adama Barrow, Gambian politician, 3rd President of Gambia
February 17 – Michael Bay, American film director
February 18 – Dr. Dre, African-American rapper and music producer
February 22 – Dean Karr, American director and photographer
Kristin Davis, American actress
Michael Dell, American computer manufacturer
February 25 – Sylvie Guillem, French ballerina
Claudia Zobel, Filipina actress (d. 1984)
Joakim Sundström, Swedish sound editor, sound designer and musician
February 28 – Park Gok-ji, South Korean film editor
Sarah Jessica Parker
Stewart Elliott, Canadian jockey
Booker Huffman, American professional wrestler
Jack Tu, Taiwanese-Canadian cardiologist (d. 2018)
March 3 – Dragan Stojković, Serbian footballer and coach
Paul W. S. Anderson, British filmmaker, producer and screenwriter
Ron Gant, American baseball player
March 7 – Jesper Parnevik, Swedish golfer
Caio Júnior, Brazilian football forward and manager (d. 2016)
Kenny Smith, American basketball player
Antonio Saca, 43rd President of El Salvador
Benito Santiago, American baseball player
Randy Weiner, American playwright, producer and theater and nightclub owner
Rod Woodson, American football player
José de Anchieta Júnior, Brazilian politician (d. 2018)
Jesse Jackson Jr., African-American politician
Wallace Langham, American actor
Laurence Llewelyn-Bowen, British designer and television presenter
Andy Sturmer, American musician
Steve Finley, American baseball player
Liza Umarova, Chechen singer and actress
Kevin Brown, American baseball player
Aamir Khan, Indian film director, producer, film and scriptwriter and actor
Utut Adianto, Indonesian chess grandmaster and politician
Mark Carney, Canadian-born economist and central banker
Joseph D. Kucan, American video game developer
Jeff Pidgeon, American animator and voice actor
March 20 – Taeko Kawata, Japanese voice actress
March 21 – Wakana Yamazaki, Japanese voice actress
March 23 – Marti Pellow, Scottish singer (Wet Wet Wet)
March 24 – The Undertaker, American professional wrestler
Avery Johnson, American basketball player and coach
Stefka Kostadinova, Bulgarian high jumper and president of the Bulgarian Olympic Committee
Sarah Jessica Parker, American actress
March 26 – Prakash Raj, Indian actor, producer and director
March 27 – Francisco Ribeiro, Portuguese musician and composer (Madredeus) (d. 2010)
March 29 – Voula Patoulidou, Greek athlete
Juliet Landau, American actress and producer
Piers Morgan, British journalist and television personality
Robert Downey Jr.
Bekir Bozdağ, Turkish theologian, lawyer, and politician
Mark Jackson, American basketball coach
April 3 – Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer (d. 2000)
April 4 – Robert Downey Jr., American actor
Frank Black, American musician
Rica Reinisch, German swimmer
April 7 – Bill Bellamy, American actor and comedian
Paulina Porizkova, Swedish-American model and actress
Paola Tovaglia, Italian children’s television personality (d. 1994)
April 10 – Jure Robič, Slovenian cyclist (d. 2010)
April 11 – Eelco van Asperen, Dutch computer scientist
Kim Bodnia, Danish actor and director
Tom O’Brien, American actor-producer
Jonathan Fahn, American voice actor
April 13 – Patricio Pouchulu, Argentine architect
April 15 – Linda Perry, American musician
Jon Cryer, American actor
Martin Lawrence, African-American actor, comedian, and producer
April 19 – Suge Knight, African-American record producer
Tommy DeCarlo, American singer and songwriter
Leni Robredo, 14th Vice President of the Philippines
April 25 – Édouard Ferrand, French politician (d. 2018)
April 26 – Kevin James, American comedian and actor
April 30 – Adrian Pasdar, Iranian-American actor and voice artist
John C. Reilly
May 3 – Gary Mitchell, Irish playwright
May 4 – Aykut Kocaman, Turkish footballer
Owen Hart, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1999)
Norman Whiteside, Northern Irish football player
Momoko Sakura, Japanese manga artist (Chibi Maruko-chan) (d. 2018)
May 9 – Steve Yzerman, Canadian hockey player
Linda Evangelista, Canadian supermodel
Kiyoyuki Yanada, Japanese voice actor
May 11 – Monsour del Rosario, Filipino Olympic athlete and actor
May 12 – Renée Simonsen, Danish model and writer
Tim Chapman, American bounty hunter
José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (d. 2006)
Hikari Ōta, Japanese comedian
Lari White, American country singer (d. 2018)
May 14 – Eoin Colfer, Irish novelist
Rodica Dunca, Romania artistic gymnast
Krist Novoselic, American rock bassist (Nirvana)
May 17 – Trent Reznor, American rock musician (Nine Inch Nails)
Maile Flanagan, American actress
Philippe Dhondt, French singer
Manuel Sanchís Hontiyuelo, Spanish footballer
Melissa McBride, American actress
Kappei Yamaguchi, Japanese actor and voice actor
Carlos Franco, Paraguayan golfer
John C. Reilly, American actor
Shinichirō Watanabe, Japanese anime director
May 25 – Yahya Jammeh, President of the Gambia
May 27 – Todd Bridges, American actor and comedian
May 28 – Robbi Chong, Canadian actress
May 30 – Billy Donovan, American professional basketball coach
Brooke Shields, American actress and model
Yōko Sōmi, Japanese voice actress
Larisa Lazutina, Russian cross-country skier
Nigel Short, English chess player
June 2 – Steve and Mark Waugh, Australian cricketers
June 4 – Mick Doohan, Australian motorcycle racer
Cam Neely, Canadian ice hockey player
Megumi Ogata, Japanese voice actress and singer
Mick Foley, American professional wrestler
Jean-Pierre François, French footballer and singer
Damien Hirst, British artist
Christine Roque, French singer
Chris Chavis ("Tatanka"), American professional wrestler
Frank Grillo, American actor
Kevin Farley, American actor
Kevin Ritz, American baseball pitcher
Veronica Ferres, German actress
Scott Graham, American sportscaster
Elizabeth Hurley, English model and actress
Manuel Uribe, morbidly obese Mexican (d. 2014)
Pamela Gidley, American actress and model (d. 2018)
June 15 – Bernard Hopkins, American boxer
Dan Jansen, American speedskater
Dara O’Kearney, Irish ultra runner and professional poker player
Hani Mohsin, Malaysian celebrity, actor and host (d. 2006)
Kim Dickens, American actress
Yang Liwei, Chinese major general, military pilot and China National Space Administration astronaut
Gabriella Selmeczi, Hungarian jurist and politician
Tim Lajcik, Czech American mixed martial artist, stuntman, actor and writer
Michael Dolan, American theatre and film actor, director and educator
Just-Ice, American rapper
Anubhav Sinha, Indian film director
Robb Cullen, American film and television writer, actor and producer
Maurice Core, British boxer
J. J. Cohen, American actor
Manuel Andrack, German journalist, television show editor, television host and author
Paul Arthurs, British rock guitarist (Oasis)
Sylvia Mathews Burwell, American government
Fernanda Tapia, Mexican announcer, presenter, producer, screenwriter, lecturer, singer and voice actress
Chris Barnes, American child actor
Lakei Heimuli, Tongan footballer
Son Hyun-joo, South Korean actor
Richard Lumsden, English actor, writer, composer and musician
Vladimir Luxuria, Italian trans actress, writer, politician and television host
Danielle Spencer, American actress
Akiko Yagi, Japanese free announcer, tarento, television presenter, newscaster and actress
Joseph Hii Teck Kwong, Malaysian bishop
Stan Longinidis, Australian heavyweight kickboxer
Anne McElvoy, British journalist
Andrew Dan-Jumbo, Nigerian television presenter
Randy Hembrey, American manager
Jana Hybášková, Czech politician and diplomat
Catherine White, British swimmer
Frédéric Lemoine, French businessman
S. Manikavasagam, Malaysian politician
Saul Davies, British musician
Belayneh Dinsamo, Ethiopian long-distance runner
Sonny Strait, American voice actor and director
Véronique Laury, French businesswoman
Dado Villa-Lobos, Brazilian musician
Matthew Weiner, American television writer, director and producer
Bobby Vitale, American pornographic actor
Dietmar Drabek, Austrian football referee
Cho Jae-hyun, South Korean actor
Adam Roberts, British science fiction and fantasy novelist
Philippe Duquesne, French actor
Jim Bob Duggar
J. K. Rowling
Harald Zwart, Norwegian film director
Teddy McCarthy, hurler and Gaelic footballer
Carl Fogarty, motorcycle racer
Tom Hodges, American actor and film producer
Oscar Pelliccioli, Italian cyclist
Mohammed Abdul Hussein, Iraqi former footballer
Simon Youl, Australian professional tennis player
Tim Breacker, English footballer and current football coach
James Turner, English tennis player
Fredrik Sejersted, Norwegian jurist
Komsan Pohkong, Thai lawyer
Shinya Hashimoto, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 2005)
Connie Nielsen, Danish actress
Tommy Flanagan, Scottish actor
Horace Grant, American basketball player
Harvey Grant, American basketball player
Jay Crawford, American sports journalist
Gérard Watkins, English-French actor, playwright, director, and songwriter
Tracy Letts, American actor, playwright and screenwriter
Kathryn Erbe, American actress
Eyran Katsenelenbogen, Israeli jazz pianist
Paula Devicq, Canadian actress
Irina Berezina, Australian chess international Master and trainer
Jeremy Kyle, English radio and television presenter
Lee Tergesen, American actor
Corey Parker, American actor and coach
July 9 – David O’Hara, Scottish actor
Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
David Ross, English businessman
Dominic Hannigan, Irish politician
Michael Wayne McGray, Canadian serial killer
Ernesto Hoost, Dutch kickboxer
July 12 – Mama Kandeh, Gambian politician
July 14 – Lou Savarese, American boxer
Dafna Rechter, Israeli actress and singer
Scott Livingstone, American professional baseball player
Bobby Gustafson, American guitarist
David Miliband, British politician
Daryl Mitchell, African-American actor
Gianni Faresin, Italian road bicycle racer
Ken Evraire, Canadian television journalist, host and former professional football league player with Hamilton Tiger Cats
Martin Kelly (Heavenly), British musician, music manager, record label boss, music publisher and author
Craig Morgan, American country music artist
Santiago Segura, Spanish actor, screenwriter, producer and director
Rosa Gumataotao Rios, 43rd Treasurer of the United States
Alex Winter, American actor
Muhamad Radhi Mat Din, Malaysian coach and footballer
Eva Ionesco, French actress, film director and screenwriter
Rosanan Samak, Bruneian football coach
Michael Sharrett, American actor
Jim Bob Duggar, American real estate agent, politician, and television personality
Dame Evelyn Glennie, Scottish virtuoso percussionist
Hailemariam Desalegn, 15th Prime Minister of Ethiopia
Stuart Scott, American sports reporter and ESPN anchor (d. 2015)
Laurent Lucas, French actor
Anthony Shriver, American activist
Tom Gulager, American actor
Guðni Bergsson, Icelandic footballer
July 22 – Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
Grace Mugabe, First Lady of Zimbabwe
Slash (Saul Hudson), American rock musician
Brian Blades, American National Football League wide receiver
Kadeem Hardison, American actor and director
July 25 – Illeana Douglas, American actress and producer
Vladimir Cruz, Cuban actor
Jeremy Piven, American actor
Jimmy Dore, American comedian and political commentator
José Luis Chilavert, Paraguayan footballer
Trifon Ivanov, Bulgarian footballer (d. 2016)
July 28 – Daniela Mercury, Brazilian singer, songwriter, dancer, producer, actress and television host
July 29 – Chang-Rae Lee, Korean-American novelist
July 31 – J. K. Rowling, English author
August 1 – Sam Mendes, English film director
Sandra Ng, Hong Kong actress
Hisanobu Watanabe, Japanese baseball player and coach
Dennis Lehane, American crime writer
Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swedish Prime Minister
David Robinson, American basketball player
Mark Speight, British television presenter (d. 2008)
Darren Millane, Australian rules football player (d. 1991)
Chin Ka-lok, Hong Kong actor
Claudia Christian, American actress, writer, singer, musician, and director
Mike E. Smith, American jockey
John Starks, American basketball player
Embeth Davidtz, South African-American actress
Viola Davis, African-American actress
Duane Martin, American actor
August 13 – Deborah Falconer, American actress
August 14 – Terry Richardson, American fashion photographer
Vincent Kuk, Hong Kong director and actor
Mark Labbett, British mathematician
Rob Thomas, American author, producer, director and screenwriter
August 16 – Michael O’Gorman, American coxswain (d. 2018)
Kōji Kikkawa, Japanese singer
Ikue Ōtani, Japanese voice actress
Hemant Birje, Indian actor
Kevin Dillon, American actor
Kyra Sedgwick, American actress
James Tomkins, Australian rower
August 22 – David Reimer, Canadian victim of a botched circumcision and transgender reassignment surgery (d. 2004)
August 24 – Dee Harvey, American R&B singer (d. 2012)
August 25 – Mia Zapata, American singer (d. 1993)
August 26 – Azela Robinson, Mexican actress
August 27 – LeRoy Homer Jr., American airline pilot (d. 2001)
Satoshi Tajiri, Japanese video game designer and Pokémon creator
Amanda Tapping, Canadian actress
Shania Twain, Canadian country singer and songwriter
August 30 – Peter Grant, Scottish football player and manager
Jean-François Ballester, French figure skating coach (d. 2018)
Craig McLachlan, Australian actor and singer
September 2 – Lennox Lewis, British boxer
Costas Mandylor, Greek-Australian actor
Charlie Sheen, American actor and producer
September 6 – Gleisi Hoffmann, Brazilian lawyer and politician
September 7 – Jörg Pilawa, German television presenter
Tutilo Burger, German Benedictine monk and abbot
Darlene Zschech, Australian singer and worship leader
Dan Majerle, American basketball player
Charles Esten, American actor
Constance Marie, American actress
September 10 – Marco Pastors, Dutch politician
Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria
Paul Heyman, American wrestling promoter, ECW
Moby, American musician
September 12 – Einstein Kristiansen, Norwegian cartoonist, designer, and television host
September 13 – Jeff Ross, American stand-up comedian, writer, and actor
Dmitry Medvedev, President of Russia
Ron Pearson, American actor, comedian and juggler
September 15 – Fernanda Torres, Brazilian actress
September 16 – Katy Kurtzman, American actress, director and producer
September 17 – Kyle Chandler, American actor
Goldie, English record producer and DJ
Sabine Paturel, French singer
Tim Scott, African-American politician and businessman
Tshering Tobgay, Prime Minister of Bhutan
September 20 – Robert Rusler, American actor
Cheryl Hines, American actress
Johanna Vuoksenmaa, Finnish film director
David Wenham, Australian actor
Pramila Jayapal, American politician
September 23 – Mark Woodforde, Australian tennis player
September 25 – Scottie Pippen, American basketball player
Alexei Mordashov, Russian businessman
Petro Poroshenko, President of Ukraine
Steve Kerr, American basketball player
Peter MacKay, Canadian politician
September 28 – Scott Fellows, American animator
Kathleen Madigan, American comedian
Daron Norwood, American country singer (d. 2015)
Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player
October 2 – Gerardo Reyero, Mexican voice actor
October 3 – Jan-Ove Waldner, Swedish table tennis player
Marcus Bentley, British actor, broadcaster and voice-over artist
John Melendez, American television announcer
Michiko Neya, Japanese voice actress
Rykers Solomon, Nauruan politician
Micky Ward, American boxer
Mario Lemieux, Canadian ice hockey player
Patrick Roy, Canadian ice hockey player
October 6 – Steve Scalise, House Majority Whip and U.S. Representative of Louisiana’s 1st district
October 7 – Kumiko Watanabe, Japanese voice actress
October 8 – C. J. Ramone, American musician
October 9 – Dionicio Cerón, Mexican long-distance runner
October 10 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
Julianne McNamara, American artistic gymnast
Ronit Roy, Indian film and television actor
Ivo Uukkivi, Estonian actor, singer and producer
Lennie James, English actor, screenwriter, and playwright
Kalpana, Indian film actress (d. 2016)
Bill Odenkirk, American comedy writer
Steve Coogan, British comedian and actor
Constantine Koukias, Australian composer
October 15 – Stephen Tompkinson, English actor
Kang Kyung-ok, South Korean artist
Steve Lamacq, British radio DJ
October 17 – Aravinda de Silva, Sri Lankan cricketer
Zakir Naik, Indian doctor and Islamic activist
Curtis Stigers, American jazz vocalist and saxophonist
The Renegade, American professional wrestler (d. 1999)
Ty Pennington, American television presenter
October 20 – Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
Aaron Kwok, Hong Kong singer and actor
Kelly Rowan, Canadian actress
Kenneth Rutherford, New Zealand cricketer
October 29 – Christy Clark, Canadian politician
October 31 – Rob Rackstraw, English Voice Artist
Shah Rukh Khan
November 1 – Mia Korf, American actress
Paweł Adamowicz, Polish politician and lawyer (d. 2019)
Shah Rukh Khan, Indian actor, film/television producer and television presenter
November 3 – Ann Scott, French novelist
November 4 – Wayne Static, American singer and musician (Static-X) (d. 2014)
November 6 – Greg Graffin, American rock singer (Bad Religion)
Sigrun Wodars, German athlete
Steve Parkin, English former footballer and manager
November 9 – Bryn Terfel, Welsh baritone
November 10 – Eddie Irvine, Northern Irish racecar driver
Kurt Marshall, American model and actor (d. 1988)
Rick Roberts, Canadian actor
November 16 – Walter Stern, English music video and film director
Paulo Barreto, Brazilian cryptographer
Laurent Blanc, French football player and manager
Michael Diamond, American rapper
Yoshiki Hayashi, Japanese rock composer, piano and drummer
Takeshi Kusao, Japanese voice actor
Björk, Icelandic singer-songwriter and musician
Magnus Fiennes, English composer
Alexander Siddig, Sudanese-British actor
Yuriko Yamaguchi, Japanese voice actress
Bill Oberst Jr., American actor
Mads Mikkelsen, Danish actor
Wendy Moten, American singer
Don Frye, American professional wrestler and mixed martial arts fighter
Radion Gataullin, Uzbek-Russian pole-vaulter
November 24 – Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
November 25 – Cris Carter, American football player
November 26 – Scott Adsit, American actor
November 28 – Peter Beagrie, English footballer
November 29 – Lauren Child, American author
Ben Stiller, American actor
Tashi Tenzing, Indian mountaineer
J. B. Smoove
Steve Harris, American actor
Katarina Witt, German figure skater
December 4 – Veronica Taylor, American voice actress
Carlton Palmer, English footballer
Johnny Rzeznik, American rock singer and guitarist
Teruyuki Kagawa, Japanese actor
Jeffrey Wright, African-American actor
December 8 – David Harewood, English actor
December 9 – Brad Savage, American actor
J Mascis, American rock singer, guitarist and drummer
Greg Giraldo, American comedian (d. 2010)
Stephanie Morgenstern, Canadian actress
Madeline Amy Sweeney, American flight attendant (d. 2001)
Craig Biggio, American baseball player
Ted Raimi, American actor, producer and writer
Luis Fabián Artime, Argentine footballer
Ted Slampyak, American comic strip cartoonist
December 16 – J. B. Smoove, African-American actor and comedian
December 18 – John Moshoeu, South African footballer
December 19 – Jessica Steen, Canadian actress
Andy Dick, American actor and comedian
Anke Engelke, German comedian, actress and voice-over actress
December 22 – Lee Rogers Berger American-born explorer and paleoanthropologist
Martin Kratt, American educational nature show host
Andreas Kappes, German cyclist (d. 2018)
December 24 – Ian Gomez, American actor
December 27 – Salman Khan, Indian actor, television presenter
December 28 – Allar Levandi, Estonian Nordic combined skier
Heidi Fleiss, American madam
Kelli Maroney, American actress
Nicholas Sparks, American author
Gong Li, Chinese actress
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
T. S. Eliot
Hassan Ali Mansur
January 4 – T. S. Eliot, American-British poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
January 7 – Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack, German-Australian artist (b. 1883)
Nahim Abraham, Lebanese-American merchant (b. 1885)
Antonín Bečvář, Czechoslovak astronomer (b. 1901)
Frederick Fleet, British sailor and lookout aboard the RMS Titanic (b. 1887)
January 12 – Lorraine Hansberry, African-American playwright and writer (b. 1930)
January 14 – Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (b. 1903)
January 15 – Pierre Ngendandumwe, 4th and 6th Prime Minister of Burundi (assassinated) (b. 1930)
January 20 – Alan Freed, American disc jockey (b. 1922)
January 24 – Winston Churchill, British politician and statesman, 2-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, leader of the World War II, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1874)
Hassan Ali Mansur, Iranian politician, 69th Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1923)
Abraham Walkowitz, American painter (b. 1878)
Taimur bin Feisal, Sultan of Muscat and Oman (b. 1886)
Tich Freeman, English cricketer (b. 1888)
Maxime Weygand, French general (b. 1867)
January 31 – Konstantin Muraviev, 31st Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1893)
Nat King Cole
February 4 – J. B. Danquah, Ghanaian scholar and opposition leader (b. 1895)
February 5 – Irving Bacon, American actor (b. 1893)
February 6 – Frederick, Prince of Hohenzollern (b. 1891)
February 7 – Nance O’Neil, American stage and film actress (b. 1874)
Khan Bahadur Ahsanullah, Pakistani educationist, philosopher, social reformer and Sufi thinker (b. 1874)
Joaquin Miguel Elizalde, Filipino statesman (b. 1896)
February 10 – Arthur C. Davis, American admiral (b. 1893)
February 11 – Loyal Blaine Aldrich, American astronomer (b. 1884)
Humberto Delgado, Portuguese general and opposition politician (assassinated) (b. 1906)
Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt, Swiss-born socialite (b. 1904)
February 15 – Nat King Cole, American singer and musician (b. 1919)
Koreshige Inuzuka, Japanese military officer (b. 1890)
Forrest Taylor, American stage, film and television actor (b. 1883)
Tom Wilson, American actor (b. 1880)
February 20 – Théophile Marie Brébant, French army officer (b. 1889)
Mariano Simon Garriga, American Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1886)
Malcolm X, American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
February 22 – Felix Frankfurter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1882)
February 23 – Stan Laurel, British actor (b. 1890)
February 24 – Takeo Itō, Japanese general (b. 1889)
February 26 – Jimmie Lee Jackson, A
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