Shalamar Garden (Mughal Garden), Lahore By Muhammad Naeem Ghauri
Shalamar Garden was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in Lahore in 1642. To irrigate the Garden, a canal named “Shah Nahar” meaningRoyal canal, was brought from a distance of over 160 kilometers. The canal intersected the Gardens and discharged into a large marble basin in the middle terrace. From this basin, and from the canal, rise 410 fountains, which discharge into wide marble pools. It is a credit to the creativity of the Mughal engineers that even today scientists are unable to comprehend how the fountains were operated.
In 1981, Shalimar Gardens was included as a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the Lahore Fort.
Shalamar Bagh (Garden) was constructed by the Mughal Emperor Shah-Jehan in 1642 AD. Originally, the gardens had seven ascending terraces, but now only three remain spread over an area of about 42 acres. There is a marble pavilion under which water flows and cascades down over a carved, marble slab creating a water-fall effect. Across the water-fall is a marble throne. At the end of the second terrace is a beautiful structure called "Sawan Bhadon.Shalamar Garden, also written Shalimar Garden, was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Construction began in 1641 A.D. and was completed in a year.halamar Garden is a great example of Mughal architecture. There are three successive terraces in the middle of the garden, raised one above the level of the other by a height of 12 or 15 feet (4 or 5 m). These terraces were named as:
1. Farah Baksh means Bestower of Pleasure. (Upper Terrace)
2. Faiz Baksh means Bestower of Goodness. (Middle Terrace)
3. Hayat Baksh means Bestower of life. (Lower Terrace)
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